Research Stained ConcreteCost, maintenance and more
- Do it myself or hire a pro?
- Precautions when applying stain? Buyer's Guide to Concrete Stain Products
- Acid-based stains
- Water-based penetrating stains
- Questions to ask before buying stains Surface Preparation
- Cleaning concrete before staining
- Tips for removing existing flooring Applying Acid Stains
- Basic tools for applying stains
- Secrets to achieving great results
- Six unique looks with concrete stains
- Neutralizing concrete after staining Common Staining Issues
- Troubleshooting common acid staining problems
- Improving Slip Resistance
- Sealer application tips
- Six questions to ask before buying a sealer
Basic Tools for Applying Concrete Stains
How to Choose a Pump-up Sprayer
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Warning: Avoid Metal Components
When working with acid-based chemical stains, you should only use sprayers, application tools, and containers that resist hydrochloric acid and have no metal parts. All sprayer parts should be made of acid-resistant plastic. Brushes should have uncolored, acid-resistant nylon bristles (colored bristles can discolor the surface). And pails and containers for mixing or holding stain should be made of plastic.
Generally, the best way to apply a concrete stain is by using a pressurized garden-type pump-up sprayer because you'll achieve more even coverage and avoid puddling of the stain on the surface. For detail work or small areas, you can also use a hand spray bottle, brushes in various sizes, sponges, and rags. Some stain applicators prefer to brush-apply the stain straight from a bucket. Be aware, however, that if stain runs down the side of the bucket and onto the concrete surface, it could leave a permanent ring. Setting the bucket in a plastic container will prevent unwanted drips.
Following is a checklist of the basic tools you'll need for applying stains:
- Brushes in various sizes (either foam or bristle) ranging from a 1/8-inch artist brush for detail work to a 6-inch brush for wide borders.
- Sponges in various sizes.
- Brushes for scrubbing the stain into the surface.
- Buckets or plastic containers to keep the stain in.
- Various sizes of sprayers, from a hand spray bottle to a 1- or 2-gallon pump sprayer
Note that if you are using a water-based stain, these cleaning steps aren't necessary. Water-based stains don't require neutralization or rinsing, and application tools can usually be cleaned with mild soap and water.